Particle Physics From the Bible!
Shaking the Foundations of Physics!
Abstract: Most people never think of the Bible as a source of scientific knowledge. In these pages, I argue that the Bible contains powerful secrets regarding the fundamental structure and composition of the physical universe. Once properly understood, these secrets will shake the foundations of physics and revolutionize the transportation and energy production industries. Our current internal combustion engines, vehicles and power plants will look painfully primitive compared to what is coming. We will kick ourselves in the rear for having been so wrong for so long. There is evidence to suggest that these secrets were known to one or more ancient civilizations. They were the builders of the megalithic structures at Baalbek (Lebanon), Tiahuanaco (Peru), and the Giza Plateau (Egypt). I will further argue that modern physics is either without foundation or based on erroneous and, at times, laughable concepts.
I am rather critical of the physics community in general and what I refer to as their deep-rooted crackpottery. I make no apologies to anybody in this regard. Theirs is merely a descriptive science which only scratches the surface while ignoring the underlying causes and first principles and, as Paul Feyerabend once wrote in Against Method, "the most stupid procedures and the most laughable results in their domain are surrounded with an aura of excellence". A descriptive science is good enough for impressive, albeit mundane, engineering tasks but cannot shed light on deeper aspects of nature that can lead to truly revolutionary insights. Worse, it leads to fallacies of interpretation. One cannot hope to get an understanding of Bible physics unless one first understands what is wrong with current physics.
In my opinion, the most misleading notion in physics is the one that maintains that a body in motion remains in motion for no reason at all, as if by magic. This is also the most difficult thing to explain to a trained physicist. In fact, modern physicists pride themselves in that they have done away with the old "superstitious" Aristotelian shackles and are thus free to see the universe as it really is. Theirs is a WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) type of science. Problem is, acausal motion is not much more valid than the flat earth hypothesis, if not worse. It is partially the result of an unfortunate misinterpretation of Newton's first law of motion. The assumption is that, since no Newtonian force is required to keep a body in inertial motion, nothing is required. It is a rather foolish assumption because it overlooks the fact that Newtonian force is, by definition, only associated with macroscopic acceleration as seen in the equation below:
In other words, Newton posited a cause (force) for the observed accelerated movement of a massive body but failed to do the same for inertial movement. It remains that denying the causality of motion is tantamount to denying the principle of cause and effect. Hence, we are forced by logical necessity to posit the "existence" of another force to fully explain motion, both accelerated and inertial. Before we can do so, however, we must first define what we mean by motion. Note that I put "existence" within quotes. This is because force is really an abstract concept. At the fundamental level it is all about particles, properties and interactions.
In order to understand the nature of motion it is first necessary to confront yet another fallacious concept in physics called continuity (infinite divisibility). It is a concept that scientists, especially mathematicians, hopelessly cling to in spite of its being blatantly illogical. This belief has led to the introduction of the theory of general relativity which postulates a geometric solution to the phenomenon of gravity and introduced such harmful concepts as the existence of a spacetime continuum (note 1) and the curvature of said spacetime. Truth is, continuity is wrong simply because it leads to an infinite regress. Nature is discrete and, as a result, particles move in discrete steps, i.e., their positions change from one discrete value to another. Discreteness means that there exist only discrete positional properties and that things like lines, circles, curves, surfaces, angles, etc... are all abstract concepts. The old debate between Euclidian and non-Euclidian geometries about whether or not parallel lines meet becomes immediately pointless (not to mention stupid) since both wrongly assume the existence of lines and other continuous structures.
Note that, in this light, when physicists speak of an object in inertial or accelerated motion, they are always referring to Newtonian or macroscopic motion. However, smooth macroscopic motion is an illusion of the senses. To repeat, in a discrete universe, a body moves by making discrete jumps, i.e., its position changes by discrete fundamental quantities. Causality requires that a jump must be caused by an interaction between two particles. Ideally speaking, we can say that the duration of a jump is the same as the duration of the interaction and that the more energetic the interaction, the faster the jump. In the same vein, we can say that, if a body is in inertial motion, all of its jumps have equal durations. Assuming that all jumps happen across a fundamental discrete distance (abstractly speaking, see below), we can further say that the jump duration of a faster moving body is shorter than that of a slower one. Acceleration can thus be seen as a change in the jump duration of a particle. (In a future page, I will explain exactly what happens to a particle internally when it is being accelerated).
The above line of reasoning is fine for most intents and purposes but this is not what really happens. In truth (this is explained further below), we can only speak of one jump (interaction) duration, a very minute interval, probably on the order of 10^-44 second (see note 2). That is to say, all particle jumps have equal durations regardless of the observed macroscopic speed of the particle. This is a rather counterintuitive concept to grasp but the truth is that there is only one speed in nature and that speed is c, the speed of light (I will explain why later). Nothing can move faster or slower! How can this be since we observe bodies moving at various speeds? The answer is that what we observe are macroscopic speeds, the result of countless jumps and rest periods between the jumps. Since nature cannot calculate exact durations for interactions, it is forced to use the only possible alternative: probability. What this means is that the timing of jumps or interactions is probabilistic, such that, given a particle in inertial motion, the average interval between all positional jumps during a sufficiently long travel segment (t2 - t1) will be equal to that of another sufficiently long travel segment (t4 - t3) for the same particle or some other particle moving at the same inertial speed. For purposes of clarity, however, it is beneficial to assume that the jump durations of a particle in inertial motion are equal over the duration of the movement. Over time, the arithmetical results of this convention are accurate enough for most purposes.
Contrary to the deterministic doctrine that is being preached in certain quarters (e.g., digital physics), a discrete universe is necessarily a probabilistic one. By the way, the universal interaction interval is also the reason for the probabilistic decay of certain subatomic particles.
Once it is understood that, at the microscopic level, motion occurs in discrete jumps, it follows that motion is non-inertial at that level. In other words, a jump is a change in speed, i.e., an acceleration. In spite of the chauvinistic posture of modern physicists, Aristotle was right in his conjecture that it takes a cause to move a body and that the natural state of everything is absolute rest. That is to say, it takes a force to accelerate a particle during a jump from absolute zero to c but no force is needed when the particle's speed reverts back to zero. To repeat, during a jump, a particle's speed changes from absolute zero to c. It is all acceleration. In keeping with our earlier convention (see above paragraph), we can define the inertial force in Newtonian terms as follows:
The above is not meant to be set in stone since the Newtonian approach of using abstract entities based on macroscopic observation is not necessarily conducive to good physics. I will revisit fundamental concepts like minimum distances and temporal intervals in a future addition to the site.
The immediate consequence of positing an inertial force is that, since force requires energy, it follows that, in order to account for the observed movement of bodies, we must postulate the existence of an immense energy field in which everything moves. My hypothesis that this field is organized as a regular, crystal-like, 4-dimensional lattice of highly energetic particles is corroborated by the Biblical text, as we shall see later. The primary purpose of the lattice is to serve as a causal substrate (source of interactions) for movement. Were it not for the lattice, nothing could move. Consequently, we are immersed in energy, lots of it! I anticipate that, in the not too distant future, we will learn how to use the lattice for propulsion and energy production (yes, free energy and all that!). But before we can do so we must get a good understanding of the properties of the lattice particles and how they interact with normal matter. My thesis is that the key to understanding these properties is in the Bible!
According to relativists, all positions and movements are relative. As I explain elsewhere, the exact opposite is true: every property in the universe is absolute. The relative is abstract. Sir Isaac Newton tried his best to explain this truth in his writings but, for some strange reason, it fell onto deaf ears. Newton's primary mistake in this regard is that he believed absolute space to be an existing physical entity.
According to most physicists, there is a physical space in which we exist and move but, in reality, there is no space at all. Space (i.e., distance) is an illusion of perception. The physical universe consists only of particles, their properties and their interactions. Everything else is either abstract or superstition. Even position is an intrinsic variable property of particles. Movement is just a change in a positional property and distance is abstract, being the vector difference between two positions. Certainly, we can speak of an abstract infinite space consisting of all possible positions and describe certain phenomena in terms of movement within this space but it is essential that we refrain from thinking of it as an existing entity and from ascribing physical properties to it, à la Einstein. Space is one of those laughable concepts of science that are nevertheless "surrounded with an aura of excellence". Paul Feyerabend is smiling in his grave.
Most people would be surprised to learn that nothing can move faster or slower than the speed of light. The reason is that time is abstract, i.e., it does not exist physically. Our concept of time is a perceptual illusion which stems from the way the human brain records past events in memory and anticipates future ones. We intuitively assumes that time is something that is continually changing from the past into the future. The truth is that time cannot change at all. There is neither past nor future nor any travel toward the future or the past; there is only the present. Time is abstract because a physical time dimension would make motion impossible. This is counterintuitive, I know, but do not take my word for it. I give the reasons elsewhere on this site. Check it out for yourself. However, this does not prevent us from mathematically deriving an abstract, discrete fundamental interval from the observation of change. So why does an abstract time necessarily mean that nothing can move faster or slower than the speed of light? The answer is that, since time does not exist physically (i.e., time is not a physical property anywhere in the universe), interaction intervals cannot be calculated. An interaction either happens or it doesn't. So nature has no alternative but to use probability to decide which interactions to allow based on the severity of the violations. Since there is only one fundamental interaction interval and since motion is the result of interactions, everything moves at the same speed, the speed of light. Macroscopic speeds that are observed to be less than that of light actually consist of jumps interspersed with rest periods. The fundamental interval is the shortest possible discrete interval and, as such, it imposes an upper macroscopic speed limit on moving bodies.
Everything is made of nothing. Any alternative leads to an infinite regress. Nothing is the sum of everything that is positive and negative. Nature always tries to balance the positive and the negative properties of the universe in order to conserve nothing. Change is thus nature's way of correcting a violation. The correction of a violation is what I have been calling an interaction. The result of a correction is always a change in some intrinsic properties of the particles involved.
To be continued...
Most scientists consider the Bible to be a collection of fables and superstitions. Even Christians and Jews would be astonished to learn that the Bible contains precise and revolutionary secrets pertaining to science. One reason for this mindset is that the Bible goes to great lengths to hide its scientific truths through the use of mysterious symbols and metaphors. Worse, the secrets are not recorded in a single book, nor were they written down by a single author. Part of a concept may be given in one book while the rest is found in another book written centuries later. As many of my readers already know, I am already well on the way to decoding the symbolic passages that describe the organization and operation of the brain. These will lead to the construction of highly intelligent robots and artificial brains. The introduction of human-level (and beyond) artificial intelligence in the world will be revolutionary in its own right but, as I explain in these pages, there are aspects of the underlying physical universe that, should they become known to us, would be equally revolutionary. These things are described in the Bible, more specifically, in the books of Isaiah, Ezekiel and Revelation.
Part of my thesis is that the Bible not only reveals the existence of the lattice (i.e., the heavens, not to be confused with Heaven, the abode of God), but also describes the properties of its constituents (seraphim). It is important to understand that the lattice is what makes motion possible and thus, its creation must precede that of normal matter. Indeed, the very first verse of the book of Genesis says exactly that:
Note the implied order of creation. This, of course, squarely contradicts the so-called big-bang theory of modern physics but that is another story for a future page. There are numerous passages in the Old Testament where God is said to have stretched out the heavens like a veil or the fabric of a tent. The books of Revelation and Ezekiel are a lot more precise, calling it a great expanse and comparing it to a sea of glass, like crystal, in order to explain its highly regular structure.
Seraphim (the burning ones) are first mentioned by the prophet Isaiah. He describes a strange vision of creatures having six wings (Isaiah 6:1-3):
Seraphim are also mentioned in the Book of Revelation (Rev 4:6-8). John calls them "living creatures" but it is obvious, given the context, that he is referring to the same seraphim that Isaiah wrote about centuries before. Only, John adds more details (four faces and many eyes, similar to the ones described in the book of Ezekiel with regard to cherubim) to the picture:
I hypothesize that seraphim symbolize the energetic particles that comprise the lattice. I further hypothesize that the four faces are physical properties associated with the four dimensions (positional degrees of freedom) of the universe (nope, time is not a dimension). Take a look at the Seraphim page where I explain the physical meaning of the four faces, the feet, the eyes and the six wings. The meaning of Isaiah's vision regarding the organization of the six wings into three pairs will prove to be particularly eye opening because (among other things) it directly contradicts one of the cherished tenets of the special theory of relativity. Suffice it to say for now that these strange symbols represent specific physical properties and behaviors. Note that Isaiah mentions something else besides eyes, wings and faces: feet. This, too, is a very important metaphor.
Cherubim are described in the old testament book of Ezekiel. The prophet receives a strange vision of four creatures, each having four faces, four wings, human hands and calf's feet. In addition, he describes an enormous flying wheel that had the appearance of a wheel within a wheel. There is reason to believe that Ezekiel's cherubim are related to the seraphim described in the books of Isaiah and Revelation because Ezekiel also mentions a throne and an immense sea of glass. There is a strong similarity between cherubim and seraphim. They all have wings, faces, feet and are full of eyes. The differences are equally striking. For example, cherubim have two attributes that seraphim lack: bodies and hands. And while a seraph has one face and six wings, a cherub has four faces and four wings. My current hypothesis is that the four cherubim of Ezekiel symbolize an ideal composite particle, possibly an angelic (i.e., alien) particle. The known subatomic particles (e.g., neutrons, protons, electrons, etc...) of quantum physics can be described as either single cherub or various combinations thereof. I am preparing a special page on cherubim. More to come...
Based on my current understanding of the Biblical texts, especially the passages in Isaiah and Revelation that describe the seraphim (or living creatures), I can confidently say that we will soon have technologies that will allow us to propel bodies of almost any size or mass at prodigious speeds. Our spacecrafts will perform maneuvers (such as making right angle turns at extremely high speeds) that we now consider physically impossible. Better yet, we will do so while using no conventional sources of energy or propellant. The promise is that of a fast moving world where energy is free and unlimited. It is not hard to imagine how society will be transformed by these technologies. As with any powerful technology, there will be good uses and bad uses. Below are some of the changes that I foresee.
Current energy production (power plants), storage (batteries and fuel cells) and distribution technologies (power grid) will be quickly superseded. Every home will be energy self-sufficient and will have its own compact, self-contained power generation unit. An ecological and economic windfall will follow. Developing nations will no longer depend on imported oil or have to use charcoal and wood for fuel. This will lead to the regeneration of denuded tropical forests. Air pollution and greenhouse gases will be a thing of the past. Hydroelectric dams will be dismantled and the flooded fields will be reclaimed for agriculture or wildlife sanctuaries. Since oil prices will plummet, oil-producing nations will no longer be able to generate income from their stockpile of oil. This will create a dangerous shift in the balance of economic power around the world which will likely lead to catastrophic wars. Some of these nations will see no way out but to invest their fast dwindling wealth into acquiring military power based on the new technology.
All current ground, sea, air and space transportation systems will become obsolete. This means there will no longer be a need for things like combustion engines, wheels, tires, rockets, railroads, transmissions, brakes, propellers, sails, airports, paved roads, highways, bridges, traffic signals, etc... As a result, transportation related industries will have to undergo a severe transformation in order to adjust to the new reality. Future vehicles will go almost anywhere with no visible means of propulsion and they will make no sound as they move. They will be able to do so at extremely high speeds. Even right angle turns will be negotiated at high speeds. Inertial effects will not be felt because every atom or particle that comprises a vehicle and its cargo will undergo equal acceleration. This means that moving vehicles will be able to come to a full stop within a fraction of a second without incurring any damage. City dwellers will use small personal devices (flying chairs?) to float around effortlessly. Normal walking will no longer be a necessity.
Many buildings and even entire cities will float in midair and, in the event of inclement weather, will rise out of harm's way. Many people will choose not to live in cities at all, preferring instead a nomadic lifestyle. Indeed, why live in a fixed apartment if the entire apartment can move almost anywhere. Many inhabited outposts will be built in outer space and on off-world bodies such as the moon, Mars or Jupiter's moons. All heavy industries will be moved off the surface of earth to minimize pollution and accidents. Most of the accessible planetary bodies in the solar system, including asteroids, will be mined for minerals. International disputes will flare up with regard to the administration, ownership and mining rights of space resources.
Given the potential of the new technology for abuse, governments will find it necessary to impose strict control over its use. All vehicles intended for public transportation will have to be either self-operating or severely restricted so as to prevent accidents and unauthorized uses. Electronic-enabled, invisible highways will have to be installed in order to automatically guide vehicular traffic along approved routes. However, the simplicity of the new technology means that almost anybody will be able to conduct experiments and build powerful and dangerous machines in their own homes or backyards. Governments will be forced to enact stringent new laws against private experiments and impose severe penalties for unauthorized use. Somehow, I doubt that any regulation will stop people from tinkering with gadgets on their own. Worse, there are those who will immediately start building automated delivery systems for weapons of mass destruction since distance and international borders will no longer be a deterrent. Authorities will have to rely heavily on widespread surveillance technologies to maintain security.
The nations of the world will waste no time seeing the military implications of the new technology. The powers that be will use the new science to develop extremely powerful offensive weapons and sophisticated countermeasures for their own protection. Many weak and poor nations will become strong and rich. Countries like the US, Russia, Brazil, India, Japan and China will become much more powerful than they already are both economically and militarily. The more powerful nations will find themselves under tremendous pressure to preemptively strike their weaker enemies before the latter can have time to build up their military arsenal.
We are about to enter an age that is both dangerous and promising. The short term outlook is very bleak indeed. Global disaster looms menacingly on the horizon. Will we survive? Will we acknowledge the sacred source of the new science and change our ways? One thing is certain, whatever happens will not happen overnight but it will happen very fast. I hope I am wrong but my understanding of Biblical prophecy leads me to think that, at the last minute, the world will be rescued from its collective madness and the brink of disaster but not before going through a brief period of intense tribulation. After that, utopia.
(1) It is interesting to
note that, close to the end of his life in 1954, Einstein wrote to his
friend Michele Besso: "I consider it quite possible that physics cannot be based
on the field concept, i.e., on continuous structures. In that case nothing remains of my entire castle in the air, gravitation
theory included, [and of] the rest of modern physics."
(2) 10^-44 second is approximately the Planck time. Some people believe that the Planck time is the fundamental discrete interval. I personally have my doubts because it was obtained through dimensional analysis involving Planck's constant, the speed of light and the gravitational constant. I have an idea to derive the fundamental interval directly from Planck's constant, the neutron's half-life interval and the speed of light but I need to think it through.
©2007 Louis Savain
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