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Flying Scroll News

Artificial Intelligence From the Bible

Latest News and Issues (August 2004 to December 2004)


Attention: The Flying Scroll News has been discontinued. For the latest news, go to Rebel Science News.

AI From the Bible
High Priest
Flying Scroll
More News
December 2004
Flying Scroll Revisited
September 2004
Jeanne Missed Miami
Hurricane Jeanne
Hurricane Frances
Hurricane Frances
Closing Down
August 2004
Sardis Names vs. Pergamum Names
Places to Walk
Short-term Memory Prediction
Tight Cooperation Between Sardis and Pergamum
The Woman in the Ephah and the Four Chariots
Short and Long-Term Memory, Sardis and Pergamum
How Long Does a Short-Term Memory Trace Last?
Short-Term Memory Capacity and Angels
Lampstand Placement
Four Chariots


Attention: The Flying Scroll News has been discontinued. For the latest news, go to Rebel Science News.


December 31, 2004, 2:45 PM EST

Flying Scroll Revisited

[Apologies for my absence of late. Circumstances beyond my control have kept me busy with other matters.]

I think I made a mistake in my original interpretation of the metaphor of the Flying Scroll. I first assumed that the dimensions of the scroll (twenty by ten cubits) symbolized a 2 to 1 (20 to 10) correlation ratio used during learning for discovering probabilistic associations between input signals. I suspected a while ago that the ratio is much too strong and would miss important associations. I am now beginning to think that the numbers represent two separate correlation ratios, one for thieves and one for false swearers. Thus 1/20 is the ratio used for the seven concurrent inputs (seven eyes) and 1/10 is used for the sequential inputs (Joshua and the Branch). I will update the Flying Scroll page in a few days to reflect my new interpretation. Any comment/criticism is always appreciated.

PS. Have a happy and prosperous new year!


September 26, 2004, 8:15 PM EST

Jeanne Missed Miami

Hurricane Jeanne went to the north of the Miami area. We had a lot of rain and some wind but nothing major. Miami has been miraculously lucky so far this season. Four hurricanes to hit Florida within the last five weeks and not one of them hit the city directly. Now, we are waiting for that other lady of misery, hurricane Lisa, who is in the Atlantic ocean east of the lesser Antilles.


September 25, 2004, 12:20 AM EST

Hurricane Jeanne

Mean Jeanne has already caused a lot of flood damage and killed over two thousand people in Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. That's when it was only a tropical storm. Now it's a full hurricane and seems to be headed directly toward southern Florida. The forecast is that the eye will land just north of Miami in Broward or Palm Beach counties. Jeanne's winds (about 100 miles or 160 kilometers per hour) are now pounding the northern Bahamas islands, specially Great Abaco, Andros, Grand Bahama and Nassau. Jeanne is not as violent as Ivan the terrible, a category 4 hurricane, but we are expecting a lot of damage from uprooted trees, flying debris (left over from Frances) and flooding. This will be the fourth hurricane to hit Florida in less than two months. An all-time record! Maybe it's time for me to move somewhere else. I'll write a report in a couple of days. In the meantime, you can follow Jeanne's path of destruction at the NOAA site.


September 14, 2004, 7:15 PM EST

Hurricane Frances

Sorry for the long hiatus since my last news item. It turned out that Hurricane Frances did not really affect the Miami area as much as the meteorologists expected. It weakened to a category 2 or 3 and went to the north of us (Palm Beach county) where it did considerable damage. We were expecting and dreading that other monster (hurricane Ivan) to come our way but it seems that it is headed for New Orleans. God help them. It's not going to be pretty if it hits the city head on. It would be a pity because New Orleans is one of the most picturesque cities in the US. Well, the old French Quarter anyway. They are in my prayers.

Lately, I've been busy responding to a lot of emails regarding my other project, The Silver Bullet. Hopefully I can get some funding. As soon as I get some time, I will get back to biblical AI, my true love.


September 2, 2004, 12:25 PM EST

Hurricane Frances

I live in southern Florida and I am now getting ready for Hurricane Frances which is now over the Bahamas. I have experienced a category 4 hurricane many years ago in the eastern Caribbean and I know how dangerous it can be. If I'm still around after the hurricane, I'll write a report.


September 1, 2004, 10:30 AM EST

Closing Down

Ok. For something completely different. A lot of people have benefited freely from the information contained on this site. If it were completely up to me, I would continue to provide this information free of charge. But I can no longer afford it. Unless I get a source of funding in the next few days, I will be forced to close down the site. So I suggest that everyone copy the latest pages to your computers. Sorry.


August 31, 2004, 02:55 PM EST

Sardis Names vs. Pergamum Names

Alright, this is another long news item. I know I've been promising to upload the interpretations of the four chariots and the woman in the ephah for more than a week now. So what's holding me up? Well, there are several unresolved issues battling each other in my brain. One, in particular, just refuses to go away. Here's what's bothering me:

In the message to the church of Pergamum, we learn that a stone is given to those who overcome. A new name is written on the stone which no one knows except he who receives it. This tells us that every command signal coming out of Pergamum is unique. The uniqueness of a signal is its identity or meaning. It is reflected by the path the signal takes. The following question arises: why is a stone/name/path unique in Pergamum and not unique in Sardis? After all, Pergamum receives at least some of its inputs from Sardis.

Places to Walk

My current thinking is that signals arriving into Pergamum are mixed and must be separated into unique paths (places to walk). But how? Two verses in the message to Pergamum may shed light on this important issue:

I know where you dwell, where Satan's throne is; and you hold fast My name, and did not deny My faith even in the days of Antipas, My witness, My faithful one, who was killed among you,  where Satan dwells.

Satan is mentioned twice in this verse and we know that Satan is also present at the right hand of Joshua in Zechariah 's vision. So it is safe to assume that Joshua is one of the names in Pergamum. What is interesting here is this part: you hold fast my name and have not denied my faith. This tells me that Joshua has faith and is expecting something. That something, we now know, is the Branch. What does this tell us about unique names? Note that one is not given a new name unless one overcomes and begins walking. Joshua is not given free access or places to walk (Zech 3:7) among the standing angels until after receiving clean garments to wear.

The relevant phrase is free access or places to walk which seems to refers to paths for walking, a metaphor for motor behavior. Why is  Joshua given, not just one, but several places to walk? And why is walking associated with the angels standing by, the same angels who clothed him with clean garments? It seems as if each angel is associated with a separate and unique path and that Joshua has a choice of paths each having its own unique name.

Here are the questions that are haunting me at this time. How many paths are there to choose from? Is it seven? The question is relevant especially if we consider that Joshua cannot take all the paths simultaneously. Or can he? Is there a path selection mechanism? Unless I come up with the right answers to these questions, I cannot make further progress. Please send me your comments.

So you also have some who in the same way hold the teaching of the Nicolaitans.

The Nicolaitans were a first century Christian cult who wanted to divide the church into a hierarchy with leaders at the top and followers at the bottom. This is in direct contradiction to Christian doctrine which insists that masters should be slaves (the first should be last). The fact that Nicolaitans are mentioned tells me that, just as with Ephesus, there are two types of signals in Pergamum: predecessors and successors. It tells me further that predecessors must also be successors and vice versa.

More to come.


August 26, 2004, 12:55 PM EST


I just added a short explanation in the Sardis page regarding the importance of recorded intervals. Check it out. I am still working on the interpretations of the woman in the ephah and the four chariots. Coming soon. 


August 24, 2004, 01:00 PM EST

Short-term Memory Prediction

New prediction about short-term memory duration added to the Predictions page. Check it out.


August 23, 2004, 4:30 PM EST

Tight Cooperation Between Sardis and Pergamum

Many new ideas have been percolating in my brain in the last few days. Several readers have emailed me recently to share their views on memory. I am very grateful for their contributions because they force me to look at things from different angles. Many brains are always better than one and I am not one to foolishly hold on to my erroneous views in the face of contrary evidence.

As a result, my views on Sardis and Pergamum have changed. I now think that Sardis is the seat of short-term memory whereas Pergamum handles long-term memory. I also believe that the structure of Sardis tightly mirrors that of Pergamum. Also, as one reader suggested to me, Sardis is much more passive than it looks. This is, in fact, reflected in verse 3:1 of Revelation: "I know your deeds, that you have a name that you are alive, but you are dead." In addition, Sardis is repeatedly told to wake up, a clear indication that it receives wake-up commands from somewhere else. This metaphor is taken up in the vision of Zechariah where he is awakened by the angel. I now interpret the lampstand of Zechariah 4 to be a description of the neural organization of Sardis.

I now believe (although this may change again later) that chapter 3 of the book of Zechariah regarding Joshua the high priest is mostly about Pergamum, the seat of long-term memory, anticipation and motor learning. Sardis and Pergamum are tightly integrated. There is a bi-directional pathway between Sardis and Pergamum. The seven eyes are synonymous with the seven lamps. At this point in time, I am not sure whether they reside in Sardis or Pergamum although I am leaning toward Sardis. The eyes receive inputs from all areas of the sensory cortex. Their output signals are used by Pergamum to discover predecessor/successor correlations. Pergamum sends these paired outputs to Sardis along with remembered intervals, if any. If Sardis is awake, the signals are sent back to Pergamum for motor output.

Alright, I will stop for now. This stuff needs to be researched some more and belongs on a page of its own. Stay tuned.


August 21, 2004, 6:05 PM EST


According to my interpretation (see the previous news item below) of Revelation, the duration of short-term memory is about 12.6 seconds. I just did a search on Google for instances of "12 seconds" and memory, and I found several sites that mention a duration of 12 seconds for short-term working memory. Is this a coincidence or are we onto something big? Very big?

Now, don't take my word for it. Go to Google, do the search and check it out for yourselves.


August 21, 2004, 3:35 PM EST

Ok, this is another long news item but I will not disappoint you.

The Woman in the Ephah and the Four Chariots

I am still working on these two pages. I want to upload them to the site at the same time because, according to my current interpretation, they are related to each other.

Short and Long-Term Memory, Sardis and Pergamum

I am slowly moving to the conclusion that Pergamum is the seat of long-term memory (LTM) and that the neural structure of STM (Sardis) exactly reflects that of LTM. What I mean is that the predecessor/successor connections in Pergamum are exactly duplicated in Sardis. This may be the reason that Zechariah chapter 4 (the lampstand) is essentially a repeat of the subject of chapter 3 (Joshua the high priest) but using a different metaphor.

Chapter 3 is about Pergamum (LTM) and chapter 4 is about Sardis (STM). The main difference between Pergamum and Sardis is that Sardis retains a memory trace (the interval between predecessor and successor) only for a very short time whereas Pergamum either has no retention at all or has permanent (or semi-permanent) retention.

How Long Does a Short-Term Memory Trace Last?

Short-term memory is very short-lived, hence the name. Various pundits have claimed that it is somewhere between a few seconds and a minute (why such a low precision? I don't know.) Does the Bible have anything to say on the matter? I think so. In fact, I think the Bible is very precise about it. In Revelation we read the following:

And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.

I wrote about this before and, in fact, I am preparing a page on the subject. But I am so excited that I would like to share my interpretation with my readers. What is the meaning of the 1260 days? I have always maintained that the word 'day' is a metaphor for a neural cycle which is about 10 milliseconds. Thus 1260 cycles at about 10 ms per cycle is 12.6 seconds which, in my interpretation, is the duration of a short-term memory trace. I will add this to the predictions page soon.

But there is more. Once an item is gone from short-term memory, it must wait about 35 milliseconds (3 and 1/2 days) before it can be allowed back (resurrected) in STM. In Revelation, this is symbolized by the two witnesses being dead for three and a half days (Rev. 11:9) before being resurrected. More on this in a future page.


August 19, 2004

Short-Term Memory Capacity and Angels

This is a little long for a news item but please bear with me. One of the things that continue to baffle me is the seven-item capacity of short-term memory (STM). Two questions arise: a) Why seven?  and b) What is the underlying neural mechanism? There are repeated mentions of 'seven' in both Revelation and the vision of Zechariah: the seven churches, the seven stars, the seven eyes, the seven lamps and the seven spirits. Which one has to do with STM capacity? It is obviously not the seven churches. And since we now know that the seven eyes are synonymous with the seven spirits and the seven lamps, we are led to conclude that STM's seven-item capacity has to do with either the seven stars or the seven eyes. Or both?

We also know that star is symbolic of angel and that the Son of man holds the seven stars in his right hand and that his right hand represents the left hemisphere of the brain. I hypothesized in the past that the seven stars are not the angels who are given messages to be delivered to the churches. These seven stars (or angels) are associated with Sardis. How?

We know that, in Zechariah's vision, Joshua is standing before the angel of the Lord and that there are other angels standing by. Could these be the seven stars? If so, why is no one else standing before them? And why are they told by the angel of the Lord to put clean garments on Joshua? Why is there a necessity for several angels to attend to Joshua's clothes? Obviously all the angels standing by are there to serve Joshua. Who are these angels and what do they represent?

Ok. There are a lot of questions in need of answers, I know. So, to make a long story short, I have a hypothesis that the seven stars of Sardis are the seven stars in the right hand of the Son of man and that the angels in Zechariah's vision are also the seven stars. If so, how does this provide a mechanism for STM capacity? Answer: I don't know (yet). It is a difficult riddle but I am working on it. As always, the answer is in the details. I would appreciate any comments and/or suggestions. Email me.


August 18, 2004

Lampstand Placement

Today I got to thinking about something that has been bothering me for quite some time. It has to do with the placement order of the seven churches as seen in the book of Revelation. The placement of the churches is, of course, important, seeing that Ephesus is given this stern warning: "I am coming to you and will remove your lampstand out of its place--unless you repent." The question that arises is this: Why does Pergamum come before Thyatira and why does Thyatira come before Sardis? Normally one would expect the order of the lampstands to be dictated by the direction of signal flow starting from the sensory layer and ending at the motor layer. If Pergamum represents the motor learning and coordination layer (the motor cortex), why does it not come immediately after Sardis and before Philadelphia, the motor output layer?

Slowly but surely I am beginning to understand that Pergamum, Thyatira and Sardis are not succeeding layers (that is, from the standpoint of signal flow), but cooperating cells assemblies working at the same signal level. As such they are situated at the center of the seven churches. This may be the reason for the metaphor of the Son of man walking in the midst (in the middle) of the seven golden lampstands.

I am also beginning to realize that Pergamum, in addition to being involved in motor learning and coordination, is also the seat of long-term memory. Short-term memory, on the other hand, may be just a temporary activation of LTM. Just a few of the things percolating in my brain. I am preparing a page on this issue. More to come.


August 17, 2004

Four Chariots

I think I may now have a complete interpretation of the metaphor of the four chariots mentioned in Ezekiel, chapter 6. It has to do with four different pathways coming out of Sardis. The four chariots and the woman in the ephah are unusually strange metaphors, if I may say so myself. But I have found that paying attention to seemingly unimportant details is the best way to decode these biblical symbols, especially when one is stuck in a rut. The worst thing one can do is to underestimate the intelligence of the author. I will have a new page ready in a day or two.


August 13, 2004

Flying Scroll

I just uploaded the flying scroll. I think I now have a fairly good (although not yet complete) model of how synaptic learning works in the hippocampus. Check it out.


August 11, 2004


Ok. That was quick. I just found out that the NIV has a far too restrictive copyright license agreement (quoting more than fifty verses requires their written permission). So it is going to be the NASB (New American Standard Bible) instead.


August 11, 2004


I have decided to stop using the King James version (KJV) of the Bible and move to the New International version (NIV). KJV leaves much to be desired, IMO. Note, however, that I will not limit myself to the NIV. I will use other translations when appropriate. I am currently in the process of changing all the relevant pages to reflect my decision. This may take a day or two.

PS. Last night I got some interesting insight into the symbolic meaning of the flying scroll in Zechariah 5 and the four chariots in Zechariah 6. The 10x20-cubit flying scroll is a beauty of a metaphor. A real jewel. Coming soon.


August 10, 2004

The Bowl

The Bowl. I added some comments about the possible symbolic significance of the bowl in the Zechariah 4 page. Please take a look. Any comments or suggestions from readers would be appreciated.


August 9, 2004

I added more stuff to Zechariah 4. I do not yet have a complete model of memory, attention and motor sequence generation but it is taking shape slowly but surely.


August 7, 2004

Zechariah 4 uploaded. It is not yet completed but it is revealing. Chapter 4 is really a continuation of Chapter 3 but from a different angle. I explain the meaning of the metaphor of the lampstand with the seven lamps. We can see more clearly how the lampstand is related to motor actions.


August 6, 2004

I need you help


August 4, 2004

I added more stuff to the Zechariah 3 page. Check out the diagram at the bottom of the page. A picture is worth a thousand words... It is all coming together, a little at a time.


August 3, 2004

Interpretation of Zechariah 3 uploaded. It is still under construction but it will give you an idea of where I am going with it.


July 31, 2004

I decided to rename the main page: Artificial Intelligence From the Bible. I think "from" is more appropriate than "and."


July 28, 2004

Church of Laodicea uploaded.


July 26, 2004

Church of Thyatira uploaded.


July 21, 2004

Added new page: Falsifiable Predictions.


July 19, 2004

Church of Sardis uploaded.



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